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1. Teams shall comprise no more than twenty (20) pullers. All pullers must be registered to compete or registered escorts of the squadron’s team.

2. The Competition Area shall be located on a flat piece of ground, ideally of either packed earth, or mowed sod. The area should be approximately 30 metres by 50 metres and for the protection of the spectators, should be quarantined. It will be the responsibility of the Competition Officials to ensure that the designated Competition Area for the event is clear of all debris, etc., which might constitute a danger of injuries to the pullers.

3. Substitutions are acceptable. If a team can not field 20 pullers, the opposing team should drop pullers accordingly as a gesture of sportsmanship, at their option.

4. The competition rope shall be not less than 75’ and not greater than 110’ in length. 1 ¾ to 2" in diameter.

5. The distance of the pull shall be 4 metres on either side of the center of the rope.

a) Outside Marker – Red or Green tape.

b) Center Marker - White tape.

c) Lead Man's Marker - Blue tape, one metre from outside marker.

6. Pullers may position themselves on either side of the rope. The Lead Man must grip the rope back of the blue marker. The Anchor may encircle the rope around their body, but any knot tied in the rope must not be tied any further than six (6) inches (or metric equivalent) in front of their grip, and must be untied immediately after the pull. The anchor will grip the rope with both hands in a normal fashion. The rope shall pass alongside the body, diagonally across the back and under the opposite shoulder from rear to front. The remaining rope shall pass under the armpit in a backward and outward direction and the slack shall run free. The puller second to the anchor must not lean on that knot.

7. When the judge has received a signal from the two coaches that all is ready, he shall give the teams the following verbal and visual commands: a) "Pick up the rope" The rope shall then be gripped as defined below, the feet being flat on the ground Every pulling member shall hold the rope with both bare hands by the ordinary grip, i.e. the palms of both hands facing up, and the

rope shall pass between the body and the upper part of the arm. Any other hold which prevents the free movement of the rope is a Lock and is an infringement of the Rules.

b) "Take the Strain" Sufficient strain being put on the rope to ensure that it is taut. In outdoor competitions each man may establish one foothold with the heel or side of the boot with the extended foot. The judge shall then signal the rope to the centre position. When the rope is steady with the centre mark over the centre line on the ground:

c) "Steady" After a reasonable pause

d) "Pull"

8. A good start means to get ready when asked by the referee by taking the strain at the same time as the other team. Failure to cooperate for a good start may result in disqualification of the offending team for that pull. Similarly, when teams are called to the rope by the referee, no unreasonable delay will be permitted. Such a delay shall constitute a disqualification of the offending team for that pull.

a) In both of the above cases, the victory shall go to the opposite team by default.

b) Each match shall consist of best 2 out of 3 pulls. A reasonable rest is granted between pulls. A win is awarded in the following:

i. One of the side makers clearly crosses the center line marker.

ii. The opposing team fouls out (receives a 3rd caution).

9. Only the feet shall be used for traction. Deliberately or continuously resting any other portion of the body on the ground without showing a convincing effort to get up, or grabbing the turf with the hand for extra traction, is reason for disqualification for that pull only.

When any team member fails to comply with the "Stand Up" rule, the official will announce "First Caution" against that team. If the offence occurs a second time for the same team, the official will announce "Second Caution" against the team. Any further offence will result in the official blowing his whistle, and immediately ending that pull. The offending team will thus be disqualified and the win will go to the other team.

10. A puller may push themselves up with one hand ONLY to regain their footing.

11. Gloves are permitted. Teams are to provide their own.

12. HAND-OVER-HAND feeding of the rope to retain a good traction spot shall not be allowed and will result in a caution being called. Steady pressure must be maintained on the rope at all times. The following cases may result in a caution or loss of the pull, at the discretion of the official:

a) RELEASE AND REPULL (stepping forward or hand feeding of the rope by a team when on strain causing the opposing team to fall down, and immediately pulling that team forward) shall not be allowed.

b) Any WHIPPING ACTION of the rope designed to throw off the opposing team.

c) SIDE-STEPPING by a team to throw the opposing team off balance shall not be allowed.

13. There is no established time limit for pulls. However if the officials determine there to be a period of inactivity, a "dead pull" may be called followed for a short rest period and then re-start.

14. One (1) team coach is permitted in the Competition Area. They will remain on their team’s side of the area at all times.

15. In the event that a team brings forth a protest on any matter, the only individual to speak for that team shall be the Coach or the designated Team Captain. All communications shall be done away from the teams and outside the heat of the moment. The Referee will confer in private with the other officials before making their decision on the protest. In all cases, the Referee's decision will be final. No appeals will be allowed.